1.英语成语故事 要有翻译







英语成语故事 要有翻译

       Sweat is HuoGuang, emperor han commander-in-chief of TuoGu ministers, drinking eight years of emperor han style-came kisen, ruling pomp very heavy. HuoGuang nearby have a call YangChang people, act is timid, popular with HuoGuang recognition, rose to prime minister position, seal for anping syndrome. Actually, YangChang humanness cowardly incompetence, timid, not when the prime minister of the material. 74 B.C., was only twenty one-year-old han emperor died.both in WeiYangGong kisen, with all the princes HuoGuang counsel, chose the emperor's grandson made WangLiuHe nearbu heir. Behold LiuHe ascended the mid-north song and dance, often pleasure-resorts. HuoGuang heard later, anxieties, and bike ride general ZhangAn births, TianYanNian secret counsel, on to nullify LiuHe, set up other Yin jun. After TianYanNian HuoGuangPa goading agreed to jointly YangChang, tell gun. YangChang all of a sudden, she was scared to sweat, panic, just something indistinctly fence. YangChang wife, is TaiShiGong sima qian's daughter, quite have the guts. She saw her husband shilly-shally appearance, secretly worried, while TianYanNian change clothes walk away, infero-anterior advised her husband and said, "National affairs, will shilly-shally. General has ChengYi, you should also chosin reservoir, otherwise inevitable difficult ahead." YangChang step back and forth in the house, but had no acid attention. Just at this time TianYanNian back, SiMaFu people avoid inferior, straight-tempered without embarrassment and TianYanNian meet, told TianYanNian, her husband willing to listen to the general's command. TianYanNian after listening pleased to take leave walk. TianYanNian returns HuoGuang, HuoGuang very satisfied. YangChang brought all the princes immediately arrange table, playing please dowager. The next day, YangChang advice, ernie see luang nearbu king unbearable successin statement of reason. Queen letter removed immediately LiuHe, another sign of emperor of the once SunLiu enquiry for jun, was said han XuanDi.

       Idioms citations, han shu YangChang biography of our afraid, not words. Jia sweated back ACTS yes just.

       Idioms interpretations ", "Jia drenched, sweating much soaked backbone. Describe sweat. Also describe extreme fear or ashamed excessive.

        汗流浃背 汉大将军霍光,是汉武帝的托孤重臣,辅佐八岁即位的汉昭帝执政,威势很重。霍光身边有个叫杨敞的人,行事谨小慎微,颇受霍光赏识,升至丞相职位,封为安平候。其实,杨敞为人懦弱无能,胆小怕事,根本不是当丞相的材料。公元前74年,年仅廿一岁的汉昭帝驾崩于未央宫,霍光与众臣商议,选了汉武帝的孙子昌邑王刘贺作继承人。谁知刘贺继位后,经常宴饮歌舞,寻欢作乐。霍光听说后,忧心忡忡,与车骑将军张安世、大司马田延年秘密商议,打算废掉刘贺,另立贤君。计议商定后,霍光派田延年告诉杨敞、以便共同行事。杨敞一听,顿时吓得汗流浃背,惊恐万分,只是含含糊糊,不置可否。杨敞的妻子,是太史公司马迁的女儿,颇有胆识。她见丈夫犹豫不决的样子,暗暗着急,趁田延年更衣走开时,上前劝丈夫说;“国家大事,岂能犹豫不决。大将军已有成议,你也应当速战速决,否则必然太难临头。”杨敞在房里来回酸步,却拿不定注意。正巧此时田延年回来,司马夫人回避不及,索性大大方方地与田延年相见,告知田延年,她丈夫愿意听从大将军的吩咐。田延年听了后高兴地告辞走了。田延年回报霍光,霍光十分满意,马上安排杨敞领众臣上表,奏请皇太后。第二天,杨敞与群臣遏见皇太后,陈述昌邑王不堪继承王位的原因。太后立即下诏废去刘贺,另立汉武帝的曾孙刘询为君,史称汉宣帝。





        An official of the ancient State of Chu awarded a pot of wine to his men after the ceremony of Spring Sacrifice. One man said, “We have only one pot of wine. It's not enough for all of us but sufficient for one. Let's determine who'll have the wine by drawing a snake on the ground. He who finishes first will have the wine.”

        The others agreed. Very soon, one man finished his snake. He was about to drink the wine when he saw the others were still busy drawing. He said complacently,“How slowly you are! I still have enough time to add feet to my snke.” But before he finished the feet, another man finished his snke and grabbed the pot from him, saying,“Whoever has seen a snake with feet? Yours is not a snke. So the wine should be mine!” He drank the wine. The man adding the feet to the snake had to give in and could only regret his foolishness.

        楚国有一个官员,在春天祭过了祖宗之后,便将一壶酒赏给他的办事人员喝。有人提议:“我们只有一壶酒,肯定不够我们大家喝的,一个人喝倒是绰绰有余。我们每人在地上画一条蛇,谁画得最快,就把这壶酒给他。” 大家都同意了。

        有一个人很快就把蛇画好了。他正打算喝这壶酒时,看见别人都还忙着画呢。他就得意扬扬地说:“你们画得好慢呀,等我再画上几只脚吧!” 他的蛇脚还没画完,另一个人已经把蛇画好了。那人把酒壶夺了过去说:“有谁见过长脚的蛇?你画的不是蛇,这壶酒应该是我的了。”说罢,就喝起酒来。那个给蛇画脚的人没办法,只能懊悔自己的愚蠢。


        In the Warring States Period, Duke Wei of Qi neglected state affairs, for the first three years of his reign, giving himself over to dissipation. One of his ministers, Chun Yukun who had a good sense of humour, said to him: 'There is a big bird which has neither taken wing nor sung for three years.' The duke answered, 'Once that bird starts to fly and sing, it will astonish the world.' The duke thereupon devoted himself to his duties and built his state up into a powerful one.



        In the Spring and Autumn Period, in the State of Qi there was a man who always let his imagination run away with him. One day he even worried that the sky would fall on his head. He was so worried that he could neither eat nor sleep. Later, someone persuaded him that his fears were Ground-less.



        Once upon a time, the youngest daughter of Emperor Yan, legendary ruler of primitive China, went boating on the Eastern Sea. While she was enjoying herself, a strong wind rose on the sea and her boat capsized. Just before she was buried by the surging waves, her spirit turned into a beautiful bird. As it flew over the roaring sea, it cried sadly in the sound "jinwei, jingwei". That was why people called it "Jingwei".

        The bird lived on a mountain near the sea. It hated the sea so much that it decided to fill it up. Every day, it flew to and fro between the mountain and the sea, carrying in a twig or a pebble from the mountain and dropping it into the sea.

        One day, the roaring sea said to Jingwei, "Poor little bird, stop doing that meaningless thing! You'll never fill me up." Jingwei replied, "I'll fill you up no doubt! I will, even if it'll take me thousands of years! I'll fight on until doomsday!"

        The brave little bird kept carrying twigs and pebbles from the mountain to the Eastern Sea without taking a rest.

        From this fable comes the idiom "The bird Jingwei trying to fill the sea". We use it to describe people who are firm and indomitable and will not stop until they reach their goal.

        从前,炎帝(传说中中国原始社会的统治者)的小女儿在东海上划船。正当她划得高兴时,海面上突然升起一阵大风,把她的小船弄翻了。就在她要被汹涌的波浪吞 没时,她的灵魂变成了一只美丽的小鸟。它飞过那咆哮的海面,伤心的叫着"精卫,精卫"的声音。所以人们就叫她"精卫"。


        一天,咆哮的大海对精卫说:"可怜的小鸟,停止你那无谓的举动吧!你是永远都填不平我的。" 精卫回答说:"我当然会把你填平的!即使这需要千千万万年的时间,我也一定会斗争到底,直到你的末日来临!"




       一.刻舟求剑Making His Mark A man from the state of Chu was crossing a river. In the boat, his sword fell into the water. Immediately he made a mark on the boat. "This is where my sword fell off," he said. When the boat stopped moving, he went into the water to look for his sword at the place where he had marked the boat. The boat had moved but the sword had not. Is this not a very foolish way to look for a sword? 战国时,楚国有个人坐船渡江。船到江心,他一不小心。把随身携带的一把宝剑掉落江中。他马上掏出一把小刀,在船舷上刻上一个记号,说:“这是我宝剑落水的地方,所以我要刻上一个记号。” 船靠岸后,那楚人立即从船上刻记号的地方跳下水去捞取掉落的宝剑。捞了半天,仍不见宝剑的影子。其实他又怎么找得到宝剑呢?船继续行驶,而宝剑却不会再移动。像他这样去找剑,真是太愚蠢可笑了。 二 守株待兔Staying by a Stump Waiting for More Hares To Come and Dash Themselves Against It Staying by a Stump Waiting for More Hares To Come and Dash Themselves Against It This story took place more than 2,000 years ago,in the Warring States period(475-221 B.C.).Tradition has it that in the State of Song at that time there was a man who was famous for staying by a stump waiting for more hares to come and dash themselves against it. He was a yong farmer,and his family had been farmers for generations.Year after year and generation after generation, farmers used to sow in spring and harvest in autumn,beginning to work at sunrise and retiring at sunset.In good harvest years,they could only have enough food to eat and enough clothing to wear.If there was a famine due to crop failure,they had to go hungry. This young farmer wanted to improve his life.But he was too lazy and too cowardly.Being lazy and cowardly over everything,he often dreamed of having unexpected blessings. A miracle took place at last. One day in late autumn,when he was ploughing in the field,two groups of people were hunting nearby.As shoutings were rising one after another,scared hares were running desperately.Suddenly,a blind hare dashed itself headlong against the stump of a dead tree in his field and died. That day,he ate his fill. From that day on,he no longer went in for farming again.From morning till night,he stayed by that miraculous stump,waiting for miracles to take place again. This story comes from"The Five Vermin"in The Works of Han Feizi.Later generations often use the set phrase"staying by a stump waiting for more hares to come and dash themselves against it"to show grusting to chance and windfalls or dreaming to reap without sowing.It is also used to show adhering to narrow experiences and not being able to be flexible. 相传在战国时代宋国,有一个农民,日出而作,日入而息.遇到好年景,也不过刚刚吃饱穿暖;一遇灾荒,可就要忍饥挨饿了.他想改善生活,但他太懒,胆子又特小,干什么都是又懒又怕,总想碰到送上门来的意外之财。 奇迹终于发生了。深秋的一天,他正在田里耕地,周围有人在打猎。吆喝之声四处起伏,受惊的小野兽没命的奔跑。突然, 有一只兔子,不偏不倚,一头撞死在他田边的树根上。 当天,他美美地饱餐了一顿。 从此,他便不再种地。一天到晚,守着那神奇的树根,等着奇迹的出现。 成语“守株待兔”,比喻亡想不劳而得,或死守狭隘的经验,不知变通。 "An illusory snake in a goblet" is used to describe the psychological state of being frightened caused by taking illusions as reality. “杯弓蛇影”比喻把虚幻当作真实的恐惧心理。 ------------------------------------------------------- In Jin Dynasty there was a man named Yue Guang who was fond of drinking alcohol. 晋朝有个叫乐(yuè)广的人,爱喝酒。 One day, he invited a friend to his house to drink together. 一天,他邀请朋友到家里来对斟(zhēn)对饮。 Suddenly, his friend saw the reflection of a snack swimming in the goblet. 忽然,朋友看见酒杯里有条蛇影在游动。 He got so much frightened that he took ill on bed after getting home. 他受了惊吓,回去便一病不起。 And neither any doctor or any medicine could cure his illness. 请医服药,都无起色。 Yue Guang came to see him and asked about the cause of his disease. 乐广跑来看他,问明起病的缘由。 When he got to know the cause, he pulled his friend from the bed immdiately and took him to his house. 乐广听后一把拉起朋友往家走。 Yue Guang made his friend sit where he used to, pouring a goblet of alcohol for him, and asked him," Is there any snake reflection in the goblet?" 他让朋友坐在原处,斟满酒问:“有蛇影吗?” There was still a "snake reflection" in the goblet! Yue casually took away the bow hanging on the wall. 杯子里还有“蛇影”!乐广随手取下墙上的弓。 This time, the "snake reflection" disappeared. 这次,“蛇影”不见了! "So it was the bow reflection that was in the goblet!" His friend at once got well from his illness. “杯子里原来是弓影呀!”朋友的病情顿时好了! 天衣无缝 There was a man called Guo Han in the Tang Dynasty(618-907).One summer night, when the moon was very bright he suddenly saw a girl descending slowly from the sky. He observed the girl closely, and found that the dress she was wearing was seamless. He was puzzled, and asked why. The girl answered,"Heavenly clothes are not sewn with needle and thread." This idiom is used metaphorically to indicate the flawless handling of things. It can also be used to indicate a perfectly written poem or other literary article. 唐朝有个人教郭翰。一个夏天的晚上,月光非常明亮,他忽然看见天空中有个女子轻盈而缓慢地飘落下来。他仔细地观察那个女子,发现她身上穿的衣服连一条缝也没有,感到非常奇怪,便问那个女子。女子回答说:“天衣本来就用不着针线缝合的呀!” 这个成语用来比喻处理事情十分周密,不露一点痕迹。也比喻诗文写得很精辟,找不出一点毛病。 一丘之貉 In the Han Dynasty, there was an official called Yang Yun who was both capable and honest. Commenting on the assassination of a king of a small state, he said, “If a king refuses to follow the advice of a wise minister, he will suffer an unitimely death. The emperor of the Qin Dynasty trusted treacherous ministers, and therefore lost his state.” He compared kings and emperors to racoons living on the same mountain. This idiom refers derogatorily to people who are of the same kind. 汉朝时,有个叫杨恽的人,在朝廷做官,廉洁无私,有很有才能。有一次,他听说一个小国王被杀死,就发表议论说:“君王不采纳贤臣的计策,就会得到这种下场。秦朝皇帝宠信奸臣,所以亡国;如果重用贤臣,他的国家就不会灭亡了。”他最后总结说,古今的帝王都不过是一个山丘上的貉而已。 这个成语比喻某些人彼此相同,或者都是坏人。 黔驴技穷 从前,贵州没有驴子,有人从外地带回一头驴子,拴在山下,一只老虎看到了,以为是什么怪物,急忙躲到树林中去头头地瞧。驴子大叫一声,老虎吓了一跳,以为驴子要吃掉自己。时间一长,老虎觉得驴子没有什么恶意,逐渐走近去戏弄它,触犯它。驴子生气了,用蹄子踢老虎。老虎心里想:“你的本领不过就是如此啊!”于是立刻扑过去,一口把它咬死吃掉了。 这个成语比喻仅有的一点本事也用完了,在没有别的办法了。 The Guizhou Donkey Has Exhausted It's Tricks In ancient times there were no donkeys in Guizhou province. Somebody brought a donkey from somewhere and tied it to a tree at the foot of a mountain. A tiger saw the donkey, and thought that it must be a fearsome monster. It hide behind a tree and spied on the donkey. When the donkey brayed, the tiger was frightened, thinking that the donkey was about to devour it. After a while, seeing that the donkey had not moved, the tiger approached it and teased it. The donkey became angry, and kicked the tiger. The tiger thought to itself:"It then all it is capable of?" It then jumped on the donkey and ate it. This idiom is used to mean that one has exhauseted one's skills.



       Today, I read the idiom "Yugong moves mountains". This story tells the story of an old man named Yugong who was nearly 90 years old in ancient times. Because there were two mountains at the door of his home, it was very inconvenient for his family to get in and out.


       So Yu Gong mobilized his family to remove the two mountains. In this way, Yu Gong and his sons and grandsons began to dig the mountain diligently. There was an old man named Zhisou who laughed at Yugong for being too stupid and thought that it was impossible to level the two mountains with his age and strength.


       But Yu Gong said, "when I die, I still have a son. When my son dies, I still have a grandson. There is no end to the generations. The mountain will not grow high. Are you afraid that you can't remove it?" Later, Yugong's sincerity and spirit moved the emperor, who sent two immortals to carry the two mountains. Yugong's wish finally came true.


       After reading this story, I learned that when I do anything, I must be persistent. I can't give up halfway. When I think about my study, I sometimes encounter problems that I can't do, so I don't want to do them. I just choose the problems that I can do. It's wrong to flinch when you encounter difficulties. Just like Yu Gong, you should not be afraid of difficulties, go forward bravely, and strive to overcome all kinds of difficulties in your study and life.




       A Broken Mirror Joined Together

       This set phrase metaphorically means the reunion of husband and wife after an enforced separation or a rupture.

       At the end of Southern Dynasties,when the Chen Dynasty was about to be overthrown.

       Xú Déyán felt very worried.He foreknew that his wife Princess Lè Chāng was destined to separate from him.

       His wife is the last Emperor Chén Shūbǎo's younger sister.

       Hence he broke a round bronze mirror into halves.

       One half is given to the Princess,the other half left with himself.

       The couple agreed on it that the wife would pretend to sell the broked mirror in the street of Cháng'ān,the capital of the Suí Dynasty,on the Lantern Festival.

       After the fall of Chén Dynasty,Princess Lè Chāng was captured and sent to Chang'an and forced to be a concubine-servant in the mansion of Yáng Sù.

       Xú Déyán missed his wife very much and went to the captial to look for her.

       On the 15th day of the first lunar month,he found a man selling half the mirror.

       After asking the man,he knew that his wife had been a concubine-servant of Yáng Sù. Thinking that he could not see her again,he sighed a great sorrow.

       Having known the matter,Yáng Sù felt much sympathy for the couple.He sent for Xú Déyán and told him to take wife away.Thus the husband and the wife were reunited into a happy couple.





       Sitting by a Stump, Waiting for a Careless Hare

       In the Spring and Autumn Period, a former in the state of Song was one day working in the fields when he saw a rabbit bump into a tree stump accidentually and break its neck. The former took the rabbit home and cooked himself a delicious meal. That night he thought:"I neednt work so hard. All I have to do is wait for a rabbit each day by the stump." So from then on he gave up farming, and simply sat by the stump waiting for the rabbits to come and run into it.

       This idiom satirizes those who just wait for a stroke of luck, rather than making efforts to obtain what they need.


       A man of the state of Chu (chǔ guó 楚国) had a spear and a shield for sale.


       He was loud in praises of his shield."My shield is so strong that nothing can pierce it through."


       He also sang praises of his spear."My spear is so strong that it can pierce through anything."


       "What would happen," he was asked, "if your spear is used to pierce your shield?"


       It is impossible for an impenetrable shield to coexist with a spear that finds nothing impenetrable.